Introduction to Italian Digestives and Amari Drinks

Campari poster
Campari poster

Embrace the Bitter- Introduction to Italian Digestives and Amari Drinks

Do you do bitter?  No, no I’m not asking you if you like to complain or wake up each morning looking for a fight with the world (or worse your spouse)!  What I’m asking is if you’ve ever had the pleasure of experiencing what the Italians refer to as Amari?  Amari are traditional digestivos or spirits (that is, post dinner drinks that will help you digest your massive meal).  Amari are made by distilling a wide variety of herbs and spices – no one Amari shares the same makeup or ingredients.  For example, Amaro Averna from Sicily is comprised of citrus, herbs, roots, and caramel and Fernet-Branca includes aloe, gentian roots, rhubarb, galangal, red bark, etc. (Fernet-Branca keeps most of the ingredients a secret). Hence, Introduction to Italian Amari and Digestives.

Generally speaking, and as Eric Asimov explains in a recent “The Pour” article, bitter drinks aren’t exactly the rage in the US and, moreover, Americans haven’t yet reached the ephemeral state of post digestive bliss.  That is to say, Mr. Smith could care less about how his stomach is doing after a large meal, conversely, in Italy, the digestive system is taken more seriously than Catholicism, hence the fascination with post dinner Amari designed to soothe both the stomach and the soul (don’t worry I’m not a Cartesian).   Also related to post meal digestion, the Italian tradition of fruit after a meal is also meant to cleanse the palate and help the stomach do it’s thing.  For example, in my childhood home it was a given we had a virtually fruit stand at our dinner table every night, including two types of pears, a couple of varieties of apples, oranges, cactus pears, grapes, peaches, plums, etc. (all according to the correct season).  I still consume tons of fruit after dinner, but I can’t peel a pear like my father or grandfather.

During my childhood, my parents always had a few basic Amari including Campari (which is made from cascarilla bark and the insect Dactylopius coccus which gives the liquor it’s distinctive red color) and Vecchio Amaro del Capo (an herbal and minty amaro made in Calabria) in the house.  My parents also served Amari before and after a meal;  for example I enjoy a Averna on the rocks before a leisurely Sunday lunch or club soda and Campari before a weekday meal.

The following is a wholly non comprehensive list of Italian Amari (thanks to both Asimov <NY Times> and Weber <San Francisco Chronicle> for doing all the heavy lifting; let’s start with Weber’s list (quotes are straight from his wonderful article, That’s amari: Italy’s traditional bitter liqueurs find new life with American consumers):

amaro nonino
amaro nonino

Amaro Nonino (about $42).

“A lighter style of amaro made in Friuli at the Nonino distillery. Its flavors are warm, with a gentle spiciness and smooth texture. The spice character lingers on the finish, proof that Nonino is one of the more elegant amari on the market. Contains a portion of ÙE Grape Distillate, a proprietary aquavit aged in small barriques of nevers, limousin and sherry woods, plus an infusion of herbs. It is best enjoyed as a digestivo or as an aperitivo with ice and orange peel.”


Amaro Averna (about $35).

“A sophisticated and complex amaro that hails from Sicily. The addition of blood orange and lemon peels to the aromatic herbs used to make this amaro adds a bright and refreshing character. Averna is widely considered to be one of the most versatile Italian amari.”

Vecchio Amaro del Capo
Vecchio Amaro del Capo

Vecchio Amaro del Capo.

An herbal and minty amaro made in Calabria, my parents place of birth.  Capo is excellent when served on the rocks or ice cold from the freezer.


Cynar (about $22).

“The earthy flavors in this herbal amaro are enhanced by the flavors of the artichokes used in its production. Cynar also has a relatively low alcohol level (16.5 percent), making it a popular amaro for cocktails, as well as a style of amaro that’s enjoyable as an aperitivo.”
fernet branca
fernet branca

Fernet-Branca (about $30).

“A pungent and black drink made in Milan and considered by many to be the benchmark Italian amaro. Flavors of anise and saffron add complexity to this forceful drink.”

Santa Maria al Monte
Santa Maria al Monte

Santa Maria al Monte ($38).
 “This shows an engaging herbal complexity that recalls fresh basil and spearmint. Its strength and power are similar to Fernet-Branca, while the vibrant finish feels spicy and rich.” From the Valle d’Aosta, Santa Maria al Monte is a digestivo that uses bitter orange peel and ginseng among other flavoring agents.  Menthol presence is heavy.

Ramazzotti ($24).

“One of the more popular Italian amaro brands, Ramazzotti is made in Milan. The balance between bitter and sweet in this aromatic amaro feels almost seamless, while the snappy flavor of fresh ginger lingers on the finish.”

Other brands mentioned in Asimov’s article:


Campari (about $26).

Originally produced in 1860 by Gaspare Campari in Milan.  As stated above, Campari is made from cascarilla bark and the insect Dactylopius coccus which gives the liquor it’s distinctive red color (note: as of 2006 insects are no longer used to give Campari it’s red color; a red dye is now used).  I like Campari via the Negroni, Americano, or with grapefruit juice and a splash of red vermouth)
Girolamo Luxardo of Veneto
Girolamo Luxardo of Veneto
Girolamo Luxardo of Veneto.
A pleasant aperitif liqueur obtained by the infusion of several herbs and fruits such as: sweet oranges, bitter oranges, rhubarb, mint, marjoram and thyme.
Branca Menta
Branca Menta

Branca Menta (about $27.50).

As one online reviewer put it, “Deep chestnut, mahogany. High toned, mineral, alpine herbed, licorice aromatics. Rich texture. Wild, intensely concentrated palate – like liquid Ricola. Very fresh, minty and clean with a powerful infusion of spice. For all its presence, it retains nice balance. Use this in winter – should cure anything.”

Inga Mio
Inga Mio

Inga Mio
More info to follow.

from Serious Eats, “Saffron, violet, and anise flavors prevail in this lovely amaro. Meletti is subtly bitter, a little more so than etiher Ramazzotti or Averna.”


Made from wine with the addition of herbs


  1. Thanks Vin…I didn’t know all that!!!! Americans would do good to bring fruit back to the table~!!! Not sure I could do the bitters! Happy Thanksgiving to you and your family….and Happy lst to Tommaso!! xoxoxo Maria

  2. Hi Maria. Fruit is great so bring it back! The Amari are great as well, try them with ice! Happy Turkey Day to you as well…

  3. Scordo’s Link Round Up: Italian Culture, Food, and LifeStyle

    (Photo: that’s my mother, grandmother, and aunts leaning on an Oxen in rural Calabria)If you haven’t noticed, has been posting on all things Italian as of late (salami, mushroom hunting, espresso, Italian cocktails/Amari, Italian immigrants…

  4. Campari has been my ingredient of beverage choice for years. Since the Negroni was a little too strong for me for casual cocktails, I mix Campari/Gin/OJ 1/1/3 and an orange slice. Now I’m sad to learn that Campari is colored with red dye. Have not been able to find other amari in our liquor stores (SW Virginia), but will search until I find!
    Thank you for this very informative article!

  5. We acquired a taste for the amari and do like their digestive properties. The Nonino is nice, though my husband prefers the GrappAmaro from Lucano (a newer product that is hard to find outside Basilicata). Lucano is old standby; my cousin in Lucania always plunks one small icecube into the glass.

  6. Campari drinks are my absolute favorite, esp. Campari/Gin/OJ 1/1/3. But now I’m sad to know about the red dye! I’ve been looking for Averna, but living in SW Virginia, our liquor stores aren’t complying! I need a big city store!
    Really enjoyed this article, and the blog!
    Look forward to more!

  7. Pre-Dinner Cocktail: Introducing The Scordoni

    (photo: Scordoni awaits grapefruit juice and a quick stir) I didn’t always like Campari; in fact, I thought the liquor was bitter, fowl, and just unappetizing.  I remember ordering a Negroni (made with gin, sweet/red vermouth, Campari, and bitters…

  8. Recipe: Italian Leftover Salad with Parsley, Sun Dried Tomatoes, and Artichoke Hearts

    Next to incorporating the right leftovers into a great sandwich, putting together a “leftover salad” is one of my favorite food shortcuts; that is to say, having a great meal full of flavor without a big undertaking.  After all, what’s…

  9. Italian Rituals: The Sunday Visit

    (photo: nonno and nonna’s New Jersey basement where I first experienced the “Sunday Visit”)One of the nicest Italian rituals I continue to observe to this day is the “Sunday visit”  The idea of the Sunday visit is centered on…

  10. What is Fennel and How to Consume It

    Young Scordo’s First Experience with Fennel Like most foods I love today, my first introduction to fennel was a catastrophe.  My mother recalls in Christmas Eve dinner back in 1981 when a young Scordo erupted in a temper tantrum…

  11. Review: Gargiulo Sorrentolio Venus Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil 2009

    (photo: great, bright, yellow color in the Gargiulo oil)There are a few Italian food products that take a bit of getting used to; I would include items like amari or digestivi, authentic espresso, meats such as rabbit and goat,…

  12. Grappa

    (photo: my father’s collection of grappa; grappa can last several years when stored in a cool and dry environment)The Culture and History of Grappa Grappa is traditionally made from grape stalks, seeds and stems (essentially the remaini…

  13. Simple and Everyday Italian Food

     (photo: hummus or chickpeas with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, salt, and pepper.  Omit the tahini if you’d like a more Italian version!)By now many of our readers have realized that Italian food is all about simple preparation and great…

  14. Grilled Chicken and Fennel Salad with Feta

    (photo: grilled chicken, fennel and feta salad, a few pieces of good bread and a bottle of Brooklyn Pilsner)We eat tons of fennel during the winter months and usually consume it in a salad or immediately after a meal (as…

  15. Elegant and Sustainable Coffee: Chemex, Filter Drip, Coffee-Maker

    (photo: thanks to Dr. K, Chemex in action during brewing process) I was flipping through the latest issue of the New Yorker and an article by Malcom Gladwell caught my eye, as it usually does whenever I see his name…

  16. Amaro Averna: The Rock-star Sicilian Aperitif

    (photo: Averna on the rocks with a slice of orange)Averna, the amaro aperitif/digestif from, and still produced in, Sicilia, is a bona fide rockstar.   Yes, like Bono, Freddie Mercury, or Roger Waters, Averna makes you tingle all over an…

  17. Amaro Nonino Quintessentia: The Italian Amaro Made with Grappa

     (photo: thanks to for the image.  the label and packaging is top notch on the Amaro Nonino)If I haven’t mentioned it here on my father is a dyed-in-the-wool grappa fanatic.  In fact, he’s grown so f…

  18. Summer Martinis: The Appeaser and Sofisticato

     (photo: two cocktails inspired by Averna and St. Germain, the dark drink in the foreground is the Sofisticato and the drink in the background is the Appeaser)Now don’t take this to mean I’m a full fledged wino, but I get…

  19. I enjoyed reading your articles. This is truly a great read for me.
    I have bookmarked it and I am looking forward to reading new articles.

  20. organic-food

    Thanks for the great post on your blog, it really gives me an insight on this topic.

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.